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Papers of the Week

Papers: 7 Jan 2023 - 13 Jan 2023

Human Studies

2023 Jan 10

BMJ Open



Mindful SensoriMotor Therapy combined with brain modulation for the treatment of pain in individuals with disarticulation or nerve injuries: a single-arm clinical trial.


Neuropathic pain is a complex and demanding medical condition that is often difficult to treat. Regardless of the cause, the impairment, lesion or damage to the nervous system can lead to neuropathic pain, such as phantom limb pain (PLP). No treatment has been found widely effective for PLP, but plasticity-guided therapies have shown the least severe side effects in comparison to pharmacological or surgical interventions. Phantom motor execution (PME) is a plasticity-guided intervention that has shown promising results in alleviating PLP. The potential mechanism underlying the effectiveness of PME can be explained by the Stochastic Entanglement hypothesis for neurogenesis of neuropathic pain resulting from sensorimotor impairment. We have built on this hypothesis to investigate the efficacy of enhancing PME interventions by using phantom motor imagery to facilitate execution and with the addition of sensory training. We refer to this new treatment concept as Mindful SensoriMotor Therapy (MiSMT). In this study, we further complement MiSMT with non-invasive brain modulation, specifically transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), for the treatment of neuropathic pain in patients with disarticulation or peripheral nerve injury.