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Papers of the Week

2022 Dec




Let Us Not Forget About Bleeding: A Case Report and Brief Literature Review on Hemorrhagic Vestibular Schwannoma.


Alves de Sousa F, Rego  R, Picão Fernandes A, Pinto A, Meireles L
Cureus. 2022 Dec; 14(12):e32269.
PMID: 36620834.


Hemorrhagic vestibular schwannoma (HVS) consisting of acute intratumoral and subarachnoid hemorrhage is a rare phenomenon. We present the case of a 31-year-old woman who attended the Otorhinolaryngology department with right-sided intense tinnitus, dizziness, imbalance, and headache. Brain computed tomography revealed a spontaneous hyperdensity in the posterior fossa with marked deformation of the brainstem, middle cerebral peduncle, and cerebellum, with the near collapse of the fourth ventricle. Ophthalmology evaluation confirmed bilateral papilledema. Brain magnetic resonance imaging confirmed a voluminous 33 x 28 x 29 mm extra-axial lesion centered on the right pontine-cerebellar angle cistern, extending from the plane of the trigeminal nerve/tent of the cerebellum. The acoustic pore was enlarged. The patient underwent retrosigmoid craniotomy and microscopic tumor resection showing significant improvement in the follow-up. Pathological findings confirmed HVS. Delayed treatment of HVS can increase morbidity or even be fatal. The objective of this work is to describe and revise HVS, in order to bring awareness to this uncommon entity.