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Papers: 7 Jan 2023 - 13 Jan 2023


2023 Jan 03

J Clin Med



IgG and IgE Autoantibodies to IgE Receptors in Chronic Spontaneous Urticaria and Their Role in the Response to Omalizumab.


Maronese C A, Ferrucci S M, Moltrasio C, Lorini M, Carbonelli V, Asero R, Marzano A V, Cugno M
J Clin Med. 2023 Jan 03; 12(1).
PMID: 36615181.


Chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) is defined as the recurrence of unprovoked transient wheals and itch for more than 6 weeks. Currently, there is an unmet need concerning response prediction in CSU. The present study investigated biomarkers of type I and type IIb autoimmunity as potential predictors of response to omalizumab in CSU. Differences in levels of IgG and IgE autoantibodies targeting the high- and low-affinity IgE receptors (FcεRI and FcεRII, respectively), as well as spontaneous and specifically triggered leukotriene C (LTC)4 release by basophils from the investigated subjects, were evaluated in 18 consecutive, prospectively enrolled CSU patients and 18 age- and sex-matched, healthy non-atopic controls. The patients with CSU had higher levels of anti-FcεRI IgE (542 (386.25-776.5) vs. 375 (355-418), optical density (OD), = 0.008), and IgG (297 (214.5-431.25) vs. 193.5 (118-275) OD, = 0.004) autoantibodies relative to the controls. Simultaneous anti-FcεRI IgG and IgE positivity (i.e., both autoantibody levels above the respective cut-offs) was recorded only in late- and non-responders (3/8 and 1/2, respectively). Significantly higher anti-FcεRI IgE autoantibody levels were found in the CSU patients as compared to the controls, supporting FcεRI as an autoallergic target of IgE (autoallergen) in the complex pathophysiological scenario of CSU. The co-occurrence of anti-FcεRI IgG and IgE autoantibodies was documented only in late- and non-responders, but not in early ones, crediting the co-existence of autoimmune and autoallergic mechanisms as a driver of late/poor response to omalizumab.