I am a
Home I AM A Search Login

Papers of the Week

Papers: 7 Jan 2023 - 13 Jan 2023

Animal Studies

2023 Jan 05

Mol Pain

Temporal alterations of PACAP and its receptors in a rat model induced by recurrent chemical stimulations: relevant to chronic migraine.


Wu H, Dong Z, Liu Y, Zhang Q, Zhang M, Hu G, Yu S, Han X
Mol Pain. 2023 Jan 05:17448069231152129.
PMID: 36604785.


Migraine is a common type of primary headache with disabling brain dysfunction. It has been found that pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) is involved in the pathogenesis of migraine, however, the role of PACAP and its receptors in chronic migraine remains unclear. Therefore, the present study aimed to explore the changes of PACAP and its receptors in different duration after recurrent dural inflammation soup stimulations and to investigate the co-expression between PACAP and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP). Adult male rats were implanted with cannula surrounding superior sagittal sinus, which was followed by dural infusion of inflammatory soup (IS) or normal saline. The rats were randomly divided into four groups: IS-7, IS-14, IS-21, and CON group. The facial mechanical withdrawal threshold was measured. The expression of PACAP, its receptors (PAC1, VPAC1, VPAC2), and CGRP in the trigeminal ganglia (TG) and the trigeminal nucleus caudalis (TNC) was examined by immunohistochemistry. Immunofluorescence was used to explore the co-expression of PACAP, PAC1 receptor, and CGRP in the TG. The ipsilateral facial grooming time of IS-21 group displayed an apparent increase than CON group on day two, while significant differences were observed on day 14. Dural IS stimulation induced a significantly decrease in facial mechanical withdrawal thresholds. PACAP positive cells in the regions of TNC were gradually decreased with the IS days increasing. PACAP and PAC1 receptor expression in TG had a trend of increasing first and then decreasing. PACAP and PAC1 receptor co-expression decreased gradually after repetitive IS stimulation. While the co-expression between PACAP and CGRP reached the peak in IS-7 group after repetitive IS stimulation, and then decreased. These results suggested exhaustion of PACAP could be involved in the duration of chronic migraine and implied PACAP may contribute to the pathology of migraine through the PAC1 receptor, which was associated with CGRP.