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Papers of the Week

2023 Feb

Respirol Case Rep



Apoplexy in pituitary metastasis revealing a lung carcinoma.


Maamri K, Hadj Taieb M A, Ghorbel M, Trifa A, Elkahla G, Darmoul M
Respirol Case Rep. 2023 Feb; 11(2):e01080.
PMID: 36605538.


Pituitary metastasis (PM) is an uncommon manifestation of systemic malignant tumours. It is the least common site of intracranial metastases. As PM has no clinical or radiological pathognomonic features, their diagnosis is challenging. Herein, we present a rare case of a PM unveiling lung cancer. A 60-year-old male with no medical history of malignancy was admitted with a sudden headache, retro-orbital pain, and a severe loss of both eyes' visual acuity. After proper investigations and endoscopic resection of the sellar mass, the diagnosis was confirmed to be pituitary metastasis of lung carcinoma. PM can be the initial presentation of an otherwise unknown malignancy. Their diagnosis and management are complex and depend on many factors. Endoscopic surgical resection provides histopathological proof, helps with symptomatic relief, and improves the quality of life but has no effect on survival.