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Papers of the Week

2022 Dec




Efficacy and Safety of Carbetocin Versus Misoprostol in Cesarean Section: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.


Albazee E, Sadan M, Alenezi AM, Almutairi AN, Alenezi MM, Almonayea LE
Cureus. 2022 Dec; 14(12):e32901.
PMID: 36578852.


In the absence of comprehensive data investigating carbetocin versus misoprostol for reducing postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) during cesarean section (CS), we performed this investigation to compare the efficiency and side events of carbetocin versus misoprostol in the protection and reduction of PPH for women who underwent CS. From inception to September 2022, we depended on searching through various databases for eligible trials involving Cochrane, Web of Science, PubMed, Scopus, and Google Scholar. From the efficacy prospect, we found that carbetocin substantially decreased intraoperative blood loss (p<0.001), hemoglobin/hematocrit levels (p<0.001), and the need for blood transfusion (p=0.002)/additional surgical interventions (p=0.003) than misoprostol. However, we revealed no substantial variation between both drugs for the need for additional uterotonic agents (p=0.08). From the safety prospect, we found that incidences of fever (p=0.002), heat sensation (p=0.007), metallic taste (p=0.01), and shivering (p=0.0002) were lower in carbetocin administration than in misoprostol. However, headache (p=0.34) and palpitation (p=0.11) incidences revealed no substantial variation between both drugs. In conclusion, from the efficacy and safety prospect, for women who underwent CS, carbetocin is more effective and safer in preventing and reducing PPH than misoprostol.