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Papers: 24 Dec 2022 - 30 Dec 2022

2022 Dec 13

Int J Mol Sci



Diosgenin Exerts Analgesic Effects by Antagonizing the Selective Inhibition of Transient Receptor Potential Vanilloid 1 in a Mouse Model of Neuropathic Pain.


Diosgenin is a botanical steroidal saponin with immunomodulatory, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidative, anti-thrombotic, anti-apoptotic, anti-depressant, and anti-nociceptive effects. However, the effects of diosgenin on anti-nociception are unclear. Transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) plays an important role in nociception. Therefore, we investigated whether TRPV1 antagonism mediates the anti-nociceptive effects of diosgenin. In vivo mouse experiments were performed to examine nociception-related behavior, while in vitro experiments were performed to examine calcium currents in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) and Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. The duration of capsaicin-induced licking (pain behavior) was significantly reduced following oral and intraplantar administration of diosgenin, approaching levels observed in mice treated with the TRPV1 antagonist -(4-tertiarybutylphenyl)-4-(3-cholorphyridin-2-yl) tetrahydropyrazine-1(2H)-carbox-amide. Additionally, oral administration of diosgenin blocked capsaicin-induced thermal hyperalgesia. Further, diosgenin reduced capsaicin-induced Ca currents in a dose-dependent manner in both DRG and CHO cells. Oral administration of diosgenin also improved thermal and mechanical hyperalgesia in the sciatic nerve constriction injury-induced chronic pain model by reducing the expression of TRPV1 and inflammatory cytokines in DRG cells. Collectively, our results suggest that diosgenin exerts analgesic effects via antagonism of TRPV1 and suppression of inflammation in the DRG in a mouse model of neuropathic pain.