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Papers of the Week

2022 Oct

Semin Intervent Radiol



Pelvic Venous Disorders (PeVD).


Ford RW, Winokur RS
Semin Intervent Radiol. 2022 Oct; 39(5):483-489.
PMID: 36561941.


Pelvic venous disorders (PeVDs) have replaced the concept of pelvic congestion syndrome encompassing venous origin chronic pelvic pain (VO-CPP) in women. The evaluation of women with VO-CPP includes the assessment for other causes of pelvic pain as well as imaging evaluation for pelvic varicosities measuring greater than 5 mm diameter, ovarian vein diameter, and flow direction, as well as iliac vein diameter and signs of compression. Proper identification of these patients can lead to high degrees of success eliminating chronic pelvic pain following ovarian vein embolization and/or iliac vein stenting. Strong encouragement is provided to use the symptoms, varices, pathophysiology classification for these patients and upcoming research studies on the specific symptoms of patients with VO-CPP will help elucidate patient selection for intervention. Additional future randomized controlled trials are also upcoming to evaluate for outcomes of ovarian vein embolization and iliac vein.