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Papers: 24 Dec 2022 - 30 Dec 2022

2022 Dec 23

Lasers Med Sci



Photobiomodulation enhanced endogenous pain modulation in healthy volunteers.


Oono Y, Kono R, Kiyohara Y, Takagi S, Ide Y, Nagasaka H, Kohase H
Lasers Med Sci. 2022 Dec 23; 38(1):16.
PMID: 36562828.


To examine the effects of photobiomodulation (PBM) in healthy volunteers using photonic stimulation of acupuncture points on conditioned pain modulation (CPM), temporal summation of pain (TSP), and offset analgesia (OA), which reflect some aspects of endogenous pain modulation. We included 15 men and 15 women (age, 31.5 [27.3-37.0], body mass index, 25.7 [24.4-27.1], Fitzpatrick skin typing, II: 20, III: 8, IV: 2). CPM, TSP, and OA were evaluated after a sham procedure (control session) and after acupuncture point stimulation (LI4 and LI10 on the non-dominant forearm) using linear polarized near-infrared light irradiation (LPNILI; wavelengths peaked at approximately 1000 nm, output: 1.4 W/cm, spot diameter: 10 mm, spot size: 1.02 cm, maximum temperature: 40.5 °C, pulse width: 1 s, frequency: 0.2 Hz) (PBM session). Differences in CPM, TSP, and OA between the two sessions were evaluated by the paired t-test and Fisher's exact test (statistical significance: p < 0.05). Values indicate median [interquartile range]. LPNILI significantly increased CPM in all participants (control session: 12.1 [-4.5-37.4], PBM session: 23.9 [8.3-44.8], p < 0.05) and women (control session: 16.7 [-3.4-36.6], PBM session: 38.7 [24.6-52.1], p < 0.05). The CPM effect increment was significantly higher in women than in men (p = 0.0253). LPNILI decreased TSP in participants with higher TSP ratios (p = 0.0219) and increased OA in participants with lower OA scores (p = 0.0021). LPNILI enhanced endogenous pain modulation in healthy volunteers, particularly in women, as evaluated using CPM. CPM, TSP, and OA evaluations are potentially useful for discriminating PBM responders from non-responders.