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Papers of the Week

2022 Nov




The Spectrum of Postoperative Complications and Outcomes After Open Adrenalectomy: An Experience From a Developing Country.


Zubair A B, Arif M H, Razzaq M T, Zaman M, Haider Z, Fajar I-E, Saleem S, Khalil A, Sabir M, Kaneez M
Cureus. 2022 Nov; 14(11):e31357.
PMID: 36523739.


Background Open adrenalectomy is an invasive surgical procedure that is commonly performed for adrenal gland neoplasms in developing countries. Due to its complexity, the patients are predisposed to a number of complications and dismal outcomes. The objective of our study is to assess different characteristics of patients undergoing open adrenalectomy, including their histology, postoperative complications, and outcomes. Methods This retrospective cross-sectional study included 107 patients undergoing open adrenalectomy for primary adrenal gland neoplasms. Patients with bilateral involvement, metastatic disease, or unresectable tumors were excluded. Patients were evaluated for different features that included demographic data, tumor properties, postoperative outcomes, and complications. Results Out of 107 patients, 45 (42.1%) were females. The mean age of the patients was 47.53 ± 8.45 years. Abdominal pain and severe headaches were the most common presenting complaints. A total of 96 (89.7%) tumors were benign, while 11 (10.3%) were malignant. Upon the histopathological examination of the resected specimen, adrenal adenoma was present in 49 (45.8%) cases, while adrenal pheochromocytoma was present in 41 (38.3%) cases. A total of 51 patients developed different postoperative complications including surgical site infections (22.4%), atelectasis (11.2%), deep venous thrombosis (7.5%), and retroperitoneal hematoma (5.6%). In-hospital mortality occurred in three (2.8%) patients. Conclusion Surgical site infections, atelectasis, deep venous thrombosis, and retroperitoneal hematoma were frequent postoperative complications after open adrenalectomy. These complications increase morbidity and mortality, especially in developing countries. Improved surgical techniques, intraoperative hemostasis, and multidisciplinary approach can yield favorable postoperative outcomes.