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Papers of the Week

2022 Dec 12

Ann Surg Oncol

Laparoscopic Transduodenal Ampullectomy: How We Have Standardized the Technique (with Video).


Cai H, Gao P, Lu F, Cai Y, Peng B
Ann Surg Oncol. 2022 Dec 12.
PMID: 36509879.


The procedure of choice for the resection of ampullary tumors comprises transduodenal ampullectomy (TDA), endoscopic papillectomy (EP), and pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). For neoplasms with low-grade dysplasia, TDA and EP have equivalent efficacies and lower morbidities than PD. Compared with EP, also as an organ-preserving procedure, TDA could be applicable for tumors involving the pancreatic ducts or common bile ducts. Because TDA has a lower incidence of postoperative gastrointestinal bleeding and a higher R0 resection rate, its use could avoid the need to use multiple endoscopic procedures for larger lesions. Furthermore, during TDA, surgeons could convert to PD as necessary. However, TDA has rarely been performed using a minimally invasive approach that addresses the shortcomings of both the endoscopic and open surgical techniques without adding significant morbidity or compromising outcomes. Conventional laparoscopic TDA (LTDA) remains limited due to the complexity of the surgical anatomy of the ampulla and the reconstruction required compared with robot-assisted procedures. However, robot-assisted surgery is less popular and much more expensive than laparoscopic surgery. This report with a video describes the LTDA approach to standardize and simplify the surgical processes.