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Papers of the Week

2022 Nov 16

J Photochem Photobiol B


Angiogenetic and anti-inflammatory effects of photobiomodulation on bone regeneration in rat: A histopathological, immunohistochemical, and molecular analysis.


Post-surgical bone defects require new alternative approaches for a better healing process. For this matter, photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) has been used in order to improve the process of healing, pain, and inflammation reduction and tissue rejuvenation. This study is set to evaluate the effect of PBMT on angiogenic and inflammatory factors for bone regeneration in rat post-surgical cranial defects. Thirty male Wistar rats were distributed accidentally into two groups (Subdivided into 3 groups according to their follow-up durations). During operation, an 8-mm critical-sized calvarial defect was made in each rat. A continuous diode laser was used (power density 100 mW/cm, wavelength 810 nm, the energy density of 4 J/cm). Bone samples were assessed histomorphometrically and histologically after hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining. ALP, PTGIR, OCN, and IL-1 levels were measured by RT-PCR. VEGF expression was studied by immunohistochemistry analysis. The level of IL-1 expression decreased significantly in the PBMT group compared to the control after 7 days (p < 0.05), while, the PTGIR level was improved significantly compared to the control group after 7 days. Furthermore, levels of OCN and ALP improved after PBM use; however, the alterations were not statistically meaningful (p > 0.05). Evaluation with IHC displayed a significant rise in VEGF expression after 3 days in the PBMT group compared to the control (p > 0.05). In this study's conditions, the results showed a meaningful alteration in osteogenic, inflammatory, and angiogenic mediators in post-surgical calvarial defect following PBMT. It appears that PBM can accelerate angiogenesis in the bone healing procedure which can be helpful in bone tissue engineering.