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Papers of the Week

2022 Dec 06

Biochem Pharmacol

Dictamnine ameliorates chronic itch in DNFB-induced atopic dermatitis mice via inhibiting MrgprA3.


Yang N, Shao H, Deng J, Yan Y, Tang Z, Wu G, Liu Y
Biochem Pharmacol. 2022 Dec 06:115368.
PMID: 36493846.


Chronic itch is the most prominent feature of atopic dermatitis (AD), and antihistamine treatment is often less effective in clinical pruritus severity in AD. Multiple studies have shown that histamine-independent itch pathways is thought to predominate in AD-induced chronic itch. Mas-related G-protein-coupled receptor (Mrgpr) A3 sensory neurons have been identified as one of the major itch-sensing neuron populations, and transient receptor potential (TRP) channel A1 is the key downstream of MrgprA3 mediated histamine-independent itch. MrgprA3-TRPA1 signal pathway is necessary for the development of chronic itch and may be the potentially promising target of chronic itch in AD. Dictamnine is one of the main quinoline alkaloid components of Cortex Dictamni (a traditional Chinese medicine widely used in clinical treatment of skin diseases). However, the anti-inflammatory and anti-pruritic effect of dictamnine on AD have not been reported. In this study, we used the 2,4-dinitrofluorobenzene (DNFB)-induced AD mouse model to observe the scratching behavior, inflammatory manifestations, and to detect the expression of MrgprA3 and TRPA1 in skin and DRG. The data demonstrated that dictamnine effectively inhibited AD-induced chronic itch, inflammation symptoms, epidermal thickening, inflammatory cell infiltration, and downregulates the expression of MrgprA3 and TRPA1. Furthermore, dictamnine restrained the excitability of MrgprA3 and TRPA1 neurons. Molecular docking also indicated that dictamnine has better binding affinity with MrgprA3. These results suggest that dictamnine may inhibit chronic itch caused by AD through the MrgprA3-TRPA1 mediated histamine-independent itch pathway, and may have a potential utility in AD treatment.