Keloids are chronic progressive dermal pseudo-tumors that can grow considerably in volume and surface area but do not invade other tissues. They are usually triggered by dermal injury or inflammation, but they are not scars in the normal sense of the word, since they enlarge and progress over decades. The phenomenon usually referred to as "hypertrophic scars" represents a kind of keloidal process that does not extend beyond the initial site of injury and spontaneously regresses in 12-24 months. The multiplication of keloids and hypertrophic scars in a single patient is known as keloid disease. Keloid disease is due to a familial predisposition (autosomal dominant) that preferentially affects people of non-European ancestry, especially those of sub-Saharan African descent. Keloid disease has a deep impact on quality of life, not only because of disfiguring lesions, but also because of the frequency of associated intense neurogenic pruritus and pain, as well as recurrent bouts of suppuration. Diagnosis relies primarily on a good knowledge of the clinical characteristics of keloids, thus warranting the inclusion of a clinical atlas in the first part of the review. The second part will deal with the pathology, pathophysiology and treatment of keloid disease.