I am a
Home I AM A Search Login

Papers of the Week


An Acad Bras Cienc


suppl 3

Analgesic, cardiorespiratory effects and motor block characteristics of epidural levobupivacaine alone or in combination with methadone or dexmedetomidine in bitches undergoing unilateral total mastectomy.


Caramalac SM, Albuquerque VB, Oliveira AR, Caramalac SM, Jardim P H DEA, Barbosa CF, Frazílio F DEO
An Acad Bras Cienc. 2022; 94(suppl 3):e20210082.
PMID: 36477226.


The aim of this study was to evaluate the latency, extent of analgesia, and duration of motor block of levobupivacaine alone and combined with methadone or dexmedetomidine after epidural administration during and after mastectomy in dogs. Twenty-four mature, mixed-breed female dogs were randomly divided into three experimental groups with eight animals each, according to the agents used in lumbosacral epidural analgesia: levobupivacaine 0.75% alone (1.5mg/kg – control group), levobupivacaine 0.75% (1.5 mg/kg) + methadone 1% (0.3 mg/kg), or levobupivacaine 0.75% (1.5 mg/kg) + dexmedetomidine 0.05% (3 µg/kg). During surgery, cardiorespiratory parameters were evaluated. Rescue analgesia was given when there were signs of nociception and was necessary in all three treatment groups. Since all animals received rescue analgesia during the surgery and immediately post-surgery, the duration of the sensitive block were not evaluated. The extent of sensory block was between the 12º and 13º thoracic vertebrae for the control group, 7º thoracic vertebra to 5º lumbar vertebra (methadone group), and 8º thoracic vertebra to 4º lumbar vertebra for the dexmedetomidine group. Methadone or dexmedetomidine combined with levobupivacaine increased the extent of the sensory block and the duration of the motor block in bitches when administered via the epidural route.