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Papers of the Week

2022 Jul-Sep

Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica



Invasive fungal infection by Saprochaete capitata in a child with bone marrow aplasia.


Maquera-Afaray J, Escajadillo-Vergara C, Chire-Mercado J, Durand M P
Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica. 2022 Jul-Sep; 39(3):372-375.
PMID: 36478173.


Saprochaete capitata is a rare cause of invasive fungal infection in immunocompromised patients with high mortality and antifungal resistance. We present the case of a 5-year-old boy with bone marrow aplasia, who underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) and presented persistent febrile neutropenia, abdominal pain, appearance of maculopapular lesions on the skin, and impaired renal function. The presence of S. capitata was identified by blood culture from a central venous catheter. This invasive fungal infection is rare but emergent and life-threatening, especially in immunocompromised patients with persistent febrile neutropenia and prolonged use of invasive devices such as central venous catheters.