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Front Pediatr


Case report: Myocarditis with nonsustained ventricular tachycardia following COVID-19 mRNA vaccination in a female adolescent.


Children with underlying medical conditions potentially develop severe illness from Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The use of vaccines against COVID-19 is currently recommended for the pediatric population. The COVID-19 vaccine has a temporal association with the occurrence of myocarditis. Although most patients with COVID-19 vaccination-associated myocarditis (C-VAM) exhibit a mild clinical course and rapid recovery, C-VAM potentially causes electrical instability and sudden cardiac death. Herein, we report the case of a 17-year-old woman who presented with chest pain and syncope following the first dose of the messenger RNA COVID-19 vaccine. The patient's heart function was impaired, and nonsustained ventricular tachycardia was frequent. Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging satisfied the criteria for myocarditis. Despite the administration of immunomodulatory drugs, the patient's heart function was not fully restored, and the concentration of cardiac enzymes remained above the normal range. Persistence of late gadolinium enhancement was observed on short-term follow-up CMR imaging. Although most patients with C-VAM exhibit mild symptoms, significant cardiac arrhythmias potentially occur. Furthermore, some patients with C-VAM demonstrate prolonged impaired heart function and sustained late gadolinium enhancement on follow-up CMR imaging. Therefore, monitoring of electrical and functional cardiac abnormalities in patients with C-VAM is crucial and the long-term outcomes and prognosis of patients with C-VAM require further investigation.