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Papers of the Week

Papers: 10 Dec 2022 - 16 Dec 2022

Human Studies, Pharmacology/Drug Development


Front Microbiol


Gut microbiota alterations may increase the risk of prescription opioid use, but not vice versa: A two-sample bi-directional Mendelian randomization study.


Gut microbiota alterations are strongly associated with prescription opioid use (POU) and multisite chronic pain (MCP). However, whether or not these associations are causal remains unknown. Therefore, we aim to explore the causal relationships between them comprehensively.