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2022 Dec 06

Virchows Arch

Indolent T-cell lymphoproliferative disorder of gastrointestinal tract with unusual clinical courses: report of 6 cases and literature review.


Fan W, Niu L, He H, Yuan J, Yuan F, Shi X, Wang Y, Chen M, Huang M, Zhou F, Xu J, Chen Q
Virchows Arch. 2022 Dec 06.
PMID: 36472661.


Indolent T-cell lymphoproliferative disorder of the gastrointestinal tract (iTLPD-GI) is a rare neoplasm usually having an indolent clinical course and easily misdiagnosed as inflammatory bowel disease or other T-cell lymphomas. A subset of the disorders that progressed to overt peripheral T-cell lymphoma have been reported, and the etiology and pathogenesis are poorly understood. The current study retrospectively examined the pathological, molecular, and clinical features of 6 cases of iTLPD-GI. Hematoxylin and eosin staining, immunohistochemistry, in situ hybridization, T-cell receptor gene rearrangement, and next-generation sequencing (NGS) were performed with the diseased tissues. All the 6 patients were immunocompetent Chinese men, who presented with recurrent abdominal pain and diarrhea for 4 to 13 years. Histologically, the intestinal tissue was expanded by lymphoid infiltration, composed of small-to-medium-sized lymphocytes with gland intact. The neoplastic cells were CD4 - /CD8 + with expression of TIA1 and variable granzyme B in five cases, and the other one was CD4 + /CD8 - . Two of the 5 patients progressed to more aggressive T-cell lymphoma and died of disease with complications. NGS identified TET2 and DDX3X mutations in patient 1, and BIRC6 and REV3L mutations in patient 2. Literature review indicated that iTLPD-GI with CD4 - /CD8 + immunophenotype was more commonly reported in Chinese cases. Our limited data indicated CD4-/CD8 + iTLPD-GI have similar potential to progress to more aggressive T-cell lymphoma as that of CD4 + /CD8 - , and gradually increased expression of granzyme B and Ki-67 may be early signs of the disease progression. Gain of novel gene mutations may be indicators of the pathogenesis.