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Papers of the Week

2022 Dec 05

J Chromatogr Sci

Determination of Firocoxib and Its Related Substances in Bulk Drug Substance Batches of Firocoxib by a High-Speed Reversed-Phase HPLC Method With a Short Fused-Core Biphenyl Column.


Firocoxib is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug. It provides control of postoperative pain and inflammation associated with soft tissue and orthopedic surgery in dogs, and control of pain and inflammation associated with osteoarthritis in horses. A high-speed stability-indicating reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography method was developed to determine firocoxib and its related substances in bulk batches of firocoxib drug substance. Firocoxib was dissolved in neat acetonitrile (ACN) and analyzed on a short HALO (fused-core) biphenyl column (30 × 4.6 mm i.d., 2.7-μm particle size) at flow rate of 2.5 mL/min. Column temperature was maintained at 50°C. Mobile phase A is composed of 0.1% of H3PO4 in water and mobile phase B is composed of ACN. Analytes were detected with UV detection at 240 nm and quantitated against an external reference standard. Firocoxib and its related compounds were adequately separated within 4 min by a gradient elution. The method was validated for specificity, linearity, accuracy, precision and robustness according to method validation guidelines described in The International Conference on Harmonization. The validation data demonstrated that this method is sensitive, accurate, robust, specific and stability-indicating.