I am a
Home I AM A Search Login

Papers of the Week

2022 Dec 01

Int J Low Extrem Wounds

The Impact of Diabetes in Intermittent Claudication: A Prospective Cohort Study.


Mizzi A, Cassar K, Bowen CJ, Camilleri L, Formosa C
Int J Low Extrem Wounds. 2022 Dec 01:15347346221142189.
PMID: 36457255.


The aim of this study was to determine the lower-limb outcome in patients with intermittent claudication (IC) and to identify predictors for deterioration. This study employed a prospective observational cohort single-centre design. One hundred fifty patients with IC attending a vascular surgery unit for the first time were recruited. Lower limb perfusion was assessed utilising ankle brachial index (ABI) measures, toe-brachial index (TBI) measures, Doppler waveform analysis and the walking impairment questionnaire. Follow-up was conducted after 1 year and 2 years following recruitment to assess haemodynamic parameters, symptom severity and outcome. Recruited participants had a mean age of 69.7 (±9.3) years, BMI 27.8(±4.2) and 79.3% were men. Significant haemodynamic decline (decline in ABPI by ≥0.15 and/or decline in TBPI by ≥0.1) occurred in 50.6% of the cohort within 2 years of whom 23.3% developed chronic limb threatening ischaemia (CLTI) with rest pain and/or tissue loss. Baseline ABPI, ABPI ≤ 0.5, TBPI ≤ 0.39, infrapopliteal artery (IPA) disease and high Haemoglobin A1c were identified as significant predictors for deterioration to CLI. ( < .05, binomial logistic regression). Patients with IC are at a high risk of developing CLTI within 2 years. Risk of lower limb adverse events is tripled in patients with IPA disease, low ankle and toe pressures and poorly controlled diabetes. Early identification of those at high risk for early deterioration may justify a paradigm shift in the management of this subgroup.