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Papers of the Week

2022 Oct




COVID-19 Infection Presenting With Severe Hydrocephalus and Acute Stroke: A Case Report.


Oredipe O, Johal AS, Onuegbu C, Kalejaiye A, Okoye C, Pozdniakova H, Udongwo N, Patel SV
Cureus. 2022 Oct; 14(10):e30592.
PMID: 36420230.


Hydrocephalus is the accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the cerebral ventricles and is considered an emergency in acute presentation. Hydrocephalus typically presents with symptoms of headache, nausea, vomiting, lethargy, vision changes and seizure; furthermore, narrowing down the underlying etiology of hydrocephalus can aid in treatment and management options. We present a rare case of a patient that presented with a recent diagnosis of COVID-19 and was found to have acute hydrocephalus and stroke. The aim of this case report is to explore the link between COVID-19 and the development of hydrocephalus and stroke by delineating the underlying pathophysiology of COVID-19 as well as the etiologies of hydrocephalus and possible management strategies. We hope to highlight the importance of keeping an open differential for presentations of headaches and also emphasize the potential complications of COVID-19 infection to help better patient outcomes.