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Papers of the Week

2022 Nov 21




A Comprehensive Review of the Neurological Manifestations of Celiac Disease and Its Treatment.


Gala D, Scharf S, Kudlak M, Green C, Khowaja F, Shah M, Kumar V, Ullal G
Diseases. 2022 Nov 21; 10(4).
PMID: 36412605.


Celiac disease (CD) is a common chronic inflammatory disorder occurring in genetically predisposed individuals secondary to gluten ingestion. CD usually presents with gastrointestinal symptoms such as pain, bloating, flatulence, and constipation or diarrhea. However, individuals can present in a nonclassical manner with only extraintestinal symptoms. The neurological manifestations of CD include ataxia, cognitive impairment, epilepsy, headache, and neuropathy. A lifelong gluten-free diet is the current recommended treatment for CD. This review discusses the relevant neurological manifestations associated with CD and the novel therapeutics. Further research is required to get a better understanding of the underlying pathophysiology of the neurological manifestations associated with CD. Clinicians should keep CD in the differential diagnosis in individuals presenting with neurological dysfunction of unknown cause.