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Front Toxicol


Visual function and quality of life in patients with Stevens-Johnson syndrome who received acute protocol-based ocular care.



To report visual function and quality of life (VF/QOL) using the National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire (NEI-VFQ-25) and the ocular surface disease index (OSDI) in patients in the chronic phase of Stevens-Johnson syndrome/toxic epidermal necrolysis (SJS/TEN). The NEI-VFQ-25 questionnaire was administered to 15 patients who received protocol-based care in the form of topical medications with or without amniotic membrane transplantation (AMT) for acute SJS/TEN. The scores obtained were compared with scores from a healthy population. The associations between the NEI-VFQ-25 and dry eye symptoms as measured by OSDI questionnaire were also studied. Patients were surveyed at a mean of 4.47 ± 2.22 years after acute SJS/TEN. Eleven patients received AMT in the acute phase. The median best corrected visual acuity at the time of administration of the questionnaire was 20/20. The mean composite NEI-VFQ-25 score was 86.48 ± 12. Patients who received protocol-based treatment in the acute phase of SJS/TEN had comparable NEI-VFQ-25 scores with healthy subjects on all subscales except ocular pain ( = 0.027) and mental health ( = 0.014), which were significantly reduced. The NEI-VFQ-25 composite scores significantly correlated with OSDI (R = -0.75, = 0.001). A protocol-based management strategy composed of early ophthalmic evaluation, grading based on severity, the use of topical corticosteroids and AMT in the acute phase of SJS/TEN in patients with ocular complications helped preserve the VF/QOL. This study highlights the impact of appropriate management of the ocular complications in the acute phase of SJS/TEN.