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Papers of the Week

Papers: 19 Nov 2022 - 25 Nov 2022

2023 Jan

Vet Clin North Am Exot Anim Pract



Pain Recognition and Assessment in Birds.


Mikoni NA, Guzman D S-M, Paul-Murphy J
Vet Clin North Am Exot Anim Pract. 2023 Jan; 26(1):65-81.
PMID: 36402489.


The recognition and assessment of pain in avian species are crucial tools in providing adequate supportive care in clinical, laboratory, zoologic, rehabilitation, and companion animal settings. With birds being a highly diverse class of species, there is still much to be determined regarding how to create specific criteria to recognize and assess pain in these animals. This article provides a clinical review on the physiology of pain in birds, observed behavioral and physiologic alterations with pain, how different sources and degrees of pain can alter behaviors observed, and how this information can be applied in a clinical setting.