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Papers of the Week

2022 Nov

J Int Med Res



Healthy adults with meningitis and subdural abscess: two case reports and a literature review.


Kong F, Li L, Zhang D, Lian B, Liu X, Ren S, Zhang Y, Cao L
J Int Med Res. 2022 Nov; 50(11):3000605221137470.
PMID: 36396983.


We present the cases of two otherwise healthy adults, one with meningitis and another with a subdural abscess, with both conditions attributable to . A 31-year-old man was admitted with a 3-day history of fever, headache, and vomiting. Physical examination revealed intermittent confusion, irritability, and neck stiffness. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) culture was positive for . Contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (C-MRI) revealed multiple small lesions on the bilateral frontal lobes. Intravenous ceftriaxone and vancomycin were administered, followed by intravenous moxifloxacin. His symptoms resolved within 3 months. Additionally, a 66-year-old man was admitted for acute fever with confusion, abnormal behavior, and a recent history of acute respiratory infection. Physical examination revealed confusion, neck stiffness, and a positive right Babinski sign. CSF metagenomic analysis detected . C-MRI disclosed left occipitotemporal meningoencephalitis with subdural abscesses. Intravenous ceftriaxone was administered for 3 weeks. His condition gradually improved, with resorbed lesions detected on repeat MRI. This study expanded the clinical and imaging spectra of meningitis. In healthy adults, can invade the brain, but subdural abscess is a rare neuroimaging manifestation. Early diagnosis of meningitis by high-throughput sequencing and flexible treatment strategies are necessary for satisfactory outcomes.