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Front Med (Lausanne)


Comparison of epidural dexmedetomidine to fentanyl in reducing ropivacaine dose in Programmed Intermittent Epidural Bolus plus Patient Controlled Epidural Analgesia during labor: A randomized, double-blind, controlled study.


Dexmedetomidine has been documented to reduce the dose of both intrathecal local anesthetic during cesarean delivery, and the concentration of ropivacaine needed for inducing analgesia during labor. However, few studies have compared adjuvant dexmedetomidine to fentanyl on how they impact the dose of ropivacaine required during labor. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the efficacy of epidural dexmedetomidine at doses of 0.3, 0.4, or 0.5 and 2 μg/ml of fentanyl (the traditional clinical concentration), when added to epidural 0.125% ropivacaine.