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Papers of the Week

Papers: 29 Oct 2022 - 4 Nov 2022

2022 Nov 01

J Manag Care Spec Pharm

Real-world treatment patterns and use of adjunctive pain and anti-inflammatory medications among patients with psoriatic arthritis treated with IL-17A inhibitors in the United States.


Pizzicato LN, Vadhariya A, Birt J, Ketkar A G, Bolce R, Grabner M, Pepe RS, Walsh JA
J Manag Care Spec Pharm. 2022 Nov 01:1-12.
PMID: 36318701.


Much of the current research on treatment patterns and use of adjunctive pain and anti-inflammatory medications among patients living with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) predates the approval and uptake of IL (interleukin)-17A inhibitors. To compare real-world treatment patterns and use of adjunctive pain and antiinflammatory medications between patients with PsA initiating the IL-17A inhibitors, ixekizumab and secukinumab, in a US-managed care population. We conducted a retrospective cohort study using the HealthCore Integrated Research Database. Patients with a PsA diagnosis who initiated ixekizumab or secukinumab treatment between December 1, 2017, and November 30, 2019, were identified. Two cohorts were created based on which of the 2 medications was initiated (index date), and patients with prior use of either drug were excluded, as were patients with ankylosing spondylitis. Patients had to be continuously enrolled in the health plan for 6 months prior to (baseline) and 12 months after the index date (post-index). Inverse probability of treatment weighting was used to minimize confounding from baseline demographic and clinical differences between cohorts. Treatment patterns (dosing, persistence, discontinuation, and switching) and use of adjunctive pain/anti-inflammatory medications were assessed and compared between weighted cohorts using chi-square and t-tests. In total, 407 patients were identified in the ixekizumab cohort (mean age 51.6 years; 54% female) and 1,508 patients were identified in the secukinumab cohort (mean age 50.1 years; 59% female). Prior to weighting, presence of a psoriasis diagnosis code (ixekizumab: 60% vs secukinumab: 45%; standardized difference [std diff] = -0.30), specialty of the index prescriber (std diff = 0.38), and mean number of prior advanced therapies (2.0 vs 1.5; std diff = -0.33) were different between cohorts. Cohorts were well balanced after weighting. The majority of secukinumab patients (71%) received an index dose of 300 mg. Rates of persistence (ixekizumab: 40% vs secukinumab: 43%; = 0.411) and switching (25% vs 20%; = 0.072) were not statistically different between cohorts. Use of new adjunctive pain and anti-inflammatory medications was not statistically different between cohorts either (ixekizumab: 63% vs secukinumab: 58%; = 0.187). Real-world treatment patterns and use of adjunctive pain and anti-inflammatory medications were similar in patients with PsA initiating ixekizumab and secukinumab in this US-managed care population. Further research examining reasons for discontinuation, switching, and use of adjunctive medications may help inform treatment decisions for patients living with PsA. Ms Pizzicato, Ms Ketkar, and Dr Grabner are employees of HealthCore, Inc, which received funding from Eli Lilly and Company for the conduct of the study on which this manuscript is based. Ms Pepe was an employee of HealthCore, Inc., during the time the study was conducted. Dr Grabner is a shareholder of Elevance Health (legacy Anthem, Inc.). Dr Vadhariya, Dr Birt, and Ms Bolce are employees of Eli Lilly and Company, the manufacturer of ixekizumab (Taltz). Dr Birt and Ms Bolce are shareholders of Eli Lilly and Company. Dr Walsh is a paid consultant to Eli Lilly and Company and Novartis, the manufacturers of ixekizumab (Taltz) and secukinumab (Cosentyx), respectively. Additionally, Dr Walsh is a paid consultant for Pfizer, Janssen, AbbVie, and UCB and has contracts with Pfizer, AbbVie, and Merck.