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Papers of the Week

2022 Oct 01

J Pers Med



Prevention of Spinal Cord Injury during Thoracoabdominal Aortic Aneurysms Repair: What the Anaesthesiologist Should Know.


Marturano F, Nisi F, Giustiniano E, Benedetto F, Piccioni F, Ripani U
J Pers Med. 2022 Oct 01; 12(10).
PMID: 36294768.


Thoraco-abdominal aortic repair is a high-risk surgery for both mortality and morbidity. A major complication is paraplegia-paralysis due to spinal cord injury. Modern thoracic and abdominal aortic aneurysm repair techniques involve multiple strategies to reduce the risk of spinal cord ischemia during and after surgery. These include both surgical and anaesthesiologic approaches to optimize spinal cord perfusion by staging the procedure, guaranteeing perfusion of the distal aorta through various techniques (left atrium-left femoral artery by-pass) by pharmacological and monitoring interventions or by maximizing oxygen delivery and inducing spinal cord hypothermia. Lumbar CSF drainage alone or in combination with other techniques remains one of the most used and effective strategies. This narrative review overviews the current techniques to prevent or avoid spinal cord injury during thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms repair.