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Papers of the Week

2022 Oct 10

Curr Oncol



Papillary Tumor of the Pineal Region Rare Pediatric CNS Tumor Case Series Treated in King Fahad Medical City (KFMC).


Mobark NA, Alharbi M, Alotabi F, Alshoumer A, Al Shakweer W, AlNaqib ZG, AlSaad AN, Balbaid AO, Alsolme E, Abedalthagafi MS
Curr Oncol. 2022 Oct 10; 29(10):7558-7568.
PMID: 36290872.


The clinical behaviors, prognosis, and appropriate treatments of papillary tumors of the pineal region (PTPR) are not fully defined due to the rarity of these tumors. At diagnosis, PTPR may present with clinical symptoms, including headache with obstructive hydrocephalus, diplopia, vomiting, and lethargy, as well as neurological signs, including Argyll Robertson pupils and Parinaud's syndrome due to compression of the dorsal midbrain, specifically the periaqueductal region with horizontal nystagmus. Radiological assessment of pineal region lesions is challenging, with a wide range of potential differential diagnoses. PTPR typically presents as a heterogeneous, well-circumscribed mass in the pineal region, which might contain cystic areas, calcifications, hemorrhages, or protein accumulations. Here, we report three female pediatric patients with PTPR treated in King Fahad Medical City (KFMC) in Saudi Arabia. Histological and immunohistochemical diagnosis was confirmed by analysis of genome-wide DNA methylation profiles. This case series expands on the available reports on the clinical presentations of PTPR and provides important information on the responses to different treatment modalities.