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2022 Sep 27

Diagnostics (Basel)



Diagnosis and Management of Pelvic Venous Disorders in Females.


Marcelin C, Le Bras Y, Molina Andreo I, Jambon E, Grenier N
Diagnostics (Basel). 2022 Sep 27; 12(10).
PMID: 36292025.


Pelvic venous pathologies in females are responsible for chronic symptoms grouped under the term pelvic congestion syndrome, which includes chronic pelvic pain, perineal heaviness, urgency, and postcoital pain, along with vulvar, perineal, and lower limb varicose veins. These conditions are also associated with ovarian and pelvic venous reflux and venous obstruction. This review aimed to explore the clinical and imaging modalities for diagnosing pelvic congestion syndrome, pelvic venous pathologies, their therapeutic management, and their outcomes.