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Papers of the Week

Papers: 29 Oct 2022 - 4 Nov 2022

2022 Oct 16

Int J Mol Sci



Chronic Nodular Prurigo: An Update on the Pathogenesis and Treatment.


Wong L-S, Yen Y-T
Int J Mol Sci. 2022 Oct 16; 23(20).
PMID: 36293248.


Chronic nodular prurigo (CNPG) is a recalcitrant chronic itchy disorder that affects the quality of life. It can be triggered by multiple etiologies, such as atopic dermatitis, diabetes, and chronic renal diseases. The mechanisms of CNPG are complicated and involved the interaction of the cutaneous, immune, and nervous systems. Diverse immune cells, including eosinophils, neutrophils, T cells, macrophages, and mast cells infiltrated the lesional skin of CNPG, which initiated the inflammatory cytokines and pruritogens release. In addition, the interaction between the immune cells and activated peripheral sensory nerve fibers by neurotransmitters caused neuroinflammation in the skin and intractable itch. This itch-scratch vicious cycle of CNPG results in disease exacerbation. CNPG is difficult to treat with traditional therapies. Recently, great advances have been made in the pathophysiology of both inflammation and pruritus transmission in CNPG. In this review, we summarize the updated mechanisms and novel therapies for CNPG.