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Papers of the Week

2022 Oct

Ann Med Surg (Lond)


A review of the current ERAS guidelines for liver resection, liver transplantation and pancreatoduodenectomy.



In perioperative care after liver resection, transplantation and pancreatoduodenectomy, ERAS (Enhanced Recovery After Surgery) recommendations are based on the reducing invasiveness of procedures and the severity of the surgical stress, which results in decreasing complications and enhanced recovery. Recommendations for all three operations can be classified into five groups: recommended for all patients, recommended for special patient groups, rejected for all patients controversial recommendations, specific recommendations for all three operations. Preoperative counselling and psychological support, nutritional support, smoking and alcohol cessation, pre- and intraoperative antibiotic prophylaxis, thrombosis prevention, limiting of preoperative hunger and thirst to 4 and 6 h, preoperative intaking carbohydrate rich drink, alcohol-based antiseptics for skin preparation, a goal-directed infusion therapy, providing normothermia, early removal of the drainage tube glycemic control, dual antiemetic therapy, multimodal analgesia strategies, early oral feeding and activation, audit recommend for all patients. Postoperative antibiotic prophylaxis, enteral and parenteral nutrition, short-acting anxiolytics are recommended for individual patients. It is recommended to avoid Mercedes type incision, use of long-acting anxiolytics and postoperative nasogastric tube. The benefits of preoperative physical exercise, immunonutrition and probiotics are controversial. There are no specific recommendations for thoracic epidural anesthesia, preventing delayed gastric emptying and intestinal paresis in liver surgery.