This study aimed to determine the prevalence and characteristics of primary stabbing headache in children and adolescents that presented because of headache. The medical files of 772 children and adolescents who presented with headache to the Pediatric Neurology Outpatient Clinic at Başkent University between 2012 and 2020 were retrospectively reviewed. In total, 77 patients (9.97%) with primary stabbing headache and those thought to have primary stabbing headache were included in the study. Patient data, including demographic features, headache characteristics, family history of primary headache, electroencephalographic (EEG) findings, and cranial magnetic resonane imaging (MRI) findings, were noted. Age at presentation was <6 years in 16.9% of the patients and onset time of headache was below 3 months in 55.8%. Daily headache attacks occurred in 46.8% of the patients. Headache localization was frontal in 54.5% of patients and bilateral in 68.8%, whereas the quality of headache was undefined in 40.3%. Headache attack duration was seconds long in 37.7% of the patients, attacks occurred at any time of the day in 83.1%, and 80.5% did not have accompanying symptoms. In all, 54.5% of the patients had a negative family history of primary headache. In 95.8% of the patients, EEG findings were normal and cranial MRI findings were normal in 100% of the patients. The prevalence of primary stabbing headache is not rare in children and adolescents. Clinician awareness of the diagnosis and underlying causes of primary stabbing headache should be increased.