I am a
Home I AM A Search Login

Papers of the Week

Papers: 15 Oct 2022 - 21 Oct 2022

Human Studies, Pharmacology/Drug Development

2022 Sep 23

J Clin Med



Effects of Intraoperative Opioid Administration on Postoperative Pain and Pain Threshold: A Randomized Controlled Study.


Kawanaka R, Sakuma S, Kokubun H, Tetsu S, Tagaito Y, Igarashi T, Liang S-G, Aoe T
J Clin Med. 2022 Sep 23; 11(19).
PMID: 36233454.


Fentanyl and short-acting remifentanil are often used in combination. We evaluated the effect of intraoperative opioid administration on postoperative pain and pain thresholds when the two drugs were used. Patients who underwent gynecological laparoscopic surgery were randomly assigned into two groups (15 patients each) to receive either sufficient (group A) or minimum (group B) fentanyl (maximum estimated effect site concentration: A: 7.86 ng/mL, B: 1.5 ng/mL). The estimated effect site concentration at the end of surgery was adjusted to the same level (1 ng/mL). Patients in both groups also received continuous intravenous remifentanil during surgery. The primary outcome was the pressure pain threshold, as evaluated by a pressure algometer 3 h postoperatively. The pressure pain threshold at 3 h postoperatively was 51.1% (95% CI: [44.4-57.8]) in group A and 56.6% [49.5-63.6] in group B, assuming a preoperative value of 100% ( = 0.298). There were no significant differences in pressure pain threshold and numeric rating scale scores between the groups after surgery. The pain threshold decreased significantly in both groups at 3 h postoperatively compared to preoperative values, and recovered at 24 h. Co-administration of both opioids caused hyperalgesia regardless of fentanyl dose.