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Papers: 15 Oct 2022 - 21 Oct 2022

2022 Sep 25

J Clin Med



Post-COVID Pain Is Not Associated with Inflammatory Polymorphisms in People Who Had Been Hospitalized by COVID-19.


Fernández-de-Las-Peñas C, Giordano R, Díaz-Gil G, Gómez-Esquer F, Ambite-Quesada S, Palomar-Gallego MA, Arendt-Nielsen L
J Clin Med. 2022 Sep 25; 11(19).
PMID: 36233516.


Our aim was to assess the association between four inflammatory polymorphisms with the development of post-COVID pain and to associate these polymorphisms with the clinical pain phenotype in individuals who had been hospitalized by COVID-19. Three potential genotypes of IL-6 (rs1800796), IL-10 (rs1800896), TNF-α (rs1800629), and IFITM3 (rs12252) single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were obtained from no-stimulated saliva samples from 293 (49.5% female, mean age: 55.6 ± 12.9 years) previously hospitalized COVID-19 survivors by polymerase chain reactions. Pain phenotyping consisted of the evaluation of pain features, sensitization-associated symptoms, anxiety levels, depressive levels, sleep quality, catastrophizing, and kinesiophobia levels in patients with post-COVID pain. Analyses were conducted to associate clinical features with genotypes. One hundred and seventeen (39.9%) patients experienced post-COVID pain 17.8 ± 5.2 months after hospital discharge. No significant differences in the distribution of the genotype variants of any SNPs were identified between COVID-19 survivors with and without post-COVID pain (all, > 0.47). Similarly, the clinical pain phenotype was not significantly different between patients with and without post-COVID pain since no differences in any variable were observed for any SNPs. In conclusion, four SNPs associated with inflammatory and immune responses did not appear to be associated with post-COVID pain in previously hospitalized COVID-19 survivors. Further, neither of the SNPs were involved in the phenotyping features of post-COVID pain.