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Curr Top Membr


Transient receptor potential vanilloid type 4 (TRPV4) in urinary bladder structure and function.



Bladder pain syndrome (BPS)/interstitial cystitis (IC) is a urologic, chronic pelvic pain syndrome characterized by pelvic pain, pressure, or discomfort with urinary symptoms. Symptom exacerbation (flare) is common with multiple, perceived triggers including stress. Multiple transient receptor potential (TRP) channels (TRPA1, TRPV1, TRPV4) expressed in the bladder have specific tissue distributions in the lower urinary tract (LUT) and are implicated in bladder disorders including overactive bladder (OAB) and BPS/IC. TRPV4 channels are strong candidates for mechanosensors in the urinary bladder and TRPV4 antagonists are promising therapeutic agents for OAB. In this perspective piece, we address the current knowledge of TRPV4 distribution and function in the LUT and its plasticity with injury or disease with an emphasis on BPS/IC. We review our studies that extend the knowledge of TRPV4 in urinary bladder function by focusing on (i) TRPV4 involvement in voiding dysfunction, pelvic pain, and non-voiding bladder contractions in NGF-OE mice; (ii) distention-induced luminal ATP release mechanisms and (iii) involvement of TRPV4 and vesicular release mechanisms. Finally, we review our lamina propria studies in postnatal rat studies that demonstrate: (i) the predominance of the TRPV4+ and PDGFRα+ lamina propria cellular network in early postnatal rats; (ii) the ability of exogenous mediators (i.e., ATP, TRPV4 agonist) to activate and increase the number of lamina propria cells exhibiting active Ca events; and (iii) the ability of ATP and TRPV4 agonist to increase the rate of integrated Ca activity corresponding to coupled lamina propria network events and the formation of propagating wavefronts.