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J Pain Res


The Effectiveness of Pharmacopuncture in Patients with Lumbar Spinal Stenosis: A Protocol for a Multi-Centered, Pragmatic, Randomized, Controlled, Parallel Group Study.


Lee J Y, Park K S, Kim SA, Seo J Y, Cho H-W, Nam D, Park Y, Kim E-J, Lee Y J, Ha I-H
J Pain Res. 2022; 15:2989-2996.
PMID: 36176963.


Lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) is a chronic degenerative disease. Non-surgical intervention is recommended, considering the risks and benefits for the affected age group, as well as the characteristics of the disease. However, to date, no studies have compared various non-surgical interventions to ascertain the appropriate first-line non-surgical treatment for LSS. Therefore, the objective of this study will be to assess the efficacy of pharmacopuncture as a non-surgical, conservative treatment for LSS.