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Papers of the Week

Papers: 24 Sep 2022 - 30 Sep 2022

Pharmacology/Drug Development

2022 Sep 19

Brain Res


Botulinum toxin type A counteracts neuropathic pain by countering the increase of GlyT2 expression in the spinal cord of CCI rats.


Wang J, Ding Z, Xu W, He L, Huang J, Zhang C, Guo Q, Zou W
Brain Res. 2022 Sep 19; 1796:148095.
PMID: 36165874.


Botulinum toxin type A (BoNT/A) is a potent toxin, acts by cleaving synaptosome-associated-protein-25 (SNAP-25) to regulate the release of the neural transmitter and shows analgesic effect in neuropathic pain. However, the mechanisms of BoNT/A actions involved in nociceptions remain unclear. Glycine transporter 2 (GlyT2) is an isoform of glycine transporters, which plays an important role in the regulation of glycinergic neurotransmission. Inhibition of GlyTs could decrease pain sensation in neuropathic pain, the role of GlyT2 in the analgesic effect of BoNT/A has not been studied yet. In our present study, we demonstrated that the protein levels of GlyT2 and SNAP-25 were upregulated in the spinal cord after the development of chronic constriction injury (CCI)-induced neuropathic pain. Intraplantar application of BoNT/A (20 U/kg) attenuated mechanical allodynia induced by CCI and downregulated GlyT2 expression in the spinal cord. The application of BoNT/A s also decreased the expression of GlyT2 in pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells. Moreover, intrathecal application of lentivirus-mediated GlyT2 reversed the antinociceptive effect of BoNT/A in CCI rats. These findings indicate that GlyT2 contributes to the antinociceptive effect of BoNT/A and suggest a novel mechanism underlying BoNT/A's antinociception action.