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Papers of the Week

Papers: 24 Sep 2022 - 30 Sep 2022

Pharmacology/Drug Development

2022 Sep 27

Mol Neurobiol

Inhibition of Spinal 5-HT3 Receptor and Spinal Dorsal Horn Neuronal Excitability Alleviates Hyperalgesia in a Rat Model of Parkinson’s Disease.


Li C-J, Zhang L-G, Liu L-B, An M-Q, Dong L-G, Gu H-Y, Dai Y-P, Wang F, Mao C-J, Liu C-F
Mol Neurobiol. 2022 Sep 27.
PMID: 36168076.


Pain in Parkinson's disease (PD) is increasingly recognized as a major factor associated with poor life quality of PD patients. However, classic therapeutic drugs supplying dopamine have limited therapeutic effects on PD-related pain. This suggests that there is a mechanism outside the dopamine system that causes pain in PD. Our previous study demonstrated that 6-OHDA induced PD model manifested hyperalgesia to thermal and mechanical stimuli and decreased serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine; 5-HT) in the spinal dorsal horn (SDH). Several 5-HT receptor subtypes have been confirmed to be associated with nociception in the spinal cord, such as 5-HT1A receptor, 5-HT1B receptor, 5-HT2 receptor, 5-HT3 receptor, and 5-HT7 receptor. Most research has shown that 5-HT1A receptor and 5-HT3 receptor play a key role in pain transmission in the spinal cord. We hypothesized that hyperalgesia of 6-OHDA rats may be related to increased excitability of SDH neurons, and functional change of 5-HT3 receptor may reverse the hyperalgesia of 6-OHDA lesioned rats and decrease cell excitability of SDH neurons. To test this hypothesis, we used whole-cell patch-clamp and pharmacological methods to evaluate the effect of 5-HT3 receptor and 5-HT1A receptor on the hyperalgesia of 6-OHDA rats. The results suggested that increased excitability in SDH neurons could be reversed by 5-HT3 receptor antagonist ondansetron (20 μmol/L) and palosetron (10 μmol/L), but not 5-HT3 receptor agonist m-CPBG (30 μmol/L) and SR 57,727 (10 μmol/L), 5-HT1A receptor agonist 8-OH DPAT (10 μmol/L) and eptapirone (10 μmol/L) and 5-HT1A receptor antagonist WAY-100635 (10 μmol/L) and p-MPPI (10 μmol/L). Intrathecal injection of ondansetron (0.1 mg/kg) but not m-CPBG (0.1 mg/kg), 8-OH DPAT (0.1 mg/kg), and WAY-100635 (0.1 mg/kg) significantly attenuated the mechanical hyperalgesia and thermal hyperalgesia in 6-OHDA lesioned rats. In conclusion, the present study suggests that inhibition of spinal 5-HT3 receptor and SDH neuronal excitability alleviates hyperalgesia in PD rats. Our study provides a novel mechanism or therapeutic strategy for pain in patients with PD.