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Papers of the Week

2022 Aug 30




Determinants of Health-Related Quality of Life in Chronic Chikungunya Disease in Guadeloupe.


Simon F, Bossy R, Federico D, Dezaunay J, Demoux A-L, Rugard N, Calusi G, Nizzardo A, Watson H, Gane-Troplent F
Pathogens. 2022 Aug 30; 11(9).
PMID: 36145421.


Chronic chikungunya disease is associated with a poor quality of life and a variety of symptoms, not restricted to the musculoskeletal system. Patients with chronic chikungunya disease in Guadeloupe were evaluated in order to identify the main factors determining the quality of life. Patients were followed up at a mean of 36 months after chikungunya infection, undergoing detailed clinical examination for musculoskeletal involvement, with assessment of subjective symptoms and the impact on mood, physical activity, and quality of life (SF12). Patients had extensive musculoskeletal involvement shown by tenderness in 9 ± 4 joints and stiffness in 5 ± 4 joints. SF12 physical and mental component scores showed a poor health-related quality of life. Measures of joint pain, stiffness, and inflammation contributed to impaired quality of life scores. In addition, fatigue and interrupted sleep appeared to be important predictors for physical aspects of quality of life. The emergence of anxiodepressive syndromes post-chikungunya infection was associated with both physical and mental component scores of SF12. These data confirm that musculoskeletal symptoms are not the only determinants of quality of life in chronic chikungunya disease. Follow-up of patients should include assessment and management of fatigue, poor sleep quality, and anxiodepressive syndromes.