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Papers of the Week

2022 Oct 01

Behav Pharmacol



The modulatory role of dopamine receptors within the hippocampal cornu ammonis area 1 in stress-induced analgesia in an animal model of persistent inflammatory pain.



The intrinsic pain inhibitory mechanisms can be activated by fear, anxiety, and stress. Stressful experiences produce analgesia, referred to as stress-induced analgesia (SIA). Major components of the limbic system, including the ventral tegmental area, nucleus accumbens, amygdala, and hippocampus, are involved in the SIA. In this study, we tried to understand the role of dopamine receptors in the cornu ammonis area 1 (CA1) of the hippocampus in the forced swim stress (FSS)-induced analgesia. Stereotaxic surgery was unilaterally performed on 129 adult male Wistar rats weighing 220-280 g. SCH23390 (0.25, 1, and 4 μg/0.5 μl saline) or sulpiride (0.25, 1, and 4 μg/0.5 μl DMSO), as D1- and D2-like dopamine receptor antagonists, respectively, were microinjected into the CA1 area, 5 min before exposure to FSS for a 6-min period. The vehicle groups received saline or DMSO instead of SCH23390 or sulpiride, respectively. The formalin test was done using formalin injection (50 μl; 2.5%) into the plantar surface of the rat's hind paw immediately after exposure to FSS. The results demonstrated that FSS produces analgesia during the early and late phases of the formalin test. However, intra-CA1 microinjection of SCH23390 or sulpiride attenuated the FSS-induced analgesia in both phases of the formalin test. This study provides new insight into the role of D1- and D2-like dopamine receptors in the CA1 area in the FSS-induced analgesia during persistent inflammatory pain.