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Papers of the Week

2022 Aug




Chronic Pelvic Pain, Quality of Life, and Patient Satisfaction After Robotic Sacrocolpopexy for Pelvic Organ Prolapse.


Patel N, Faldu P, Fayed M, Milad H, Nagaraju P
Cureus. 2022 Aug; 14(8):e28095.
PMID: 36127971.


Background and objective When evaluating repair outcomes in robotic sacrocolpopexy (RSC) for the treatment of pelvic organ prolapse (POP), it has become evident that surgeons usually focus on anatomical improvements and neglect equally important parameters of patient satisfaction and quality of life (QoL). Investigating these factors would aid in achieving a more patient-centered approach to treatment. This study aimed to examine QoL and satisfaction outcomes in women after RSC. Methods This study analyzed self-reported patient data regarding RSC for POP performed between October 2009 and February 2017 by fellowship-trained urologists in female pelvic medicine and reconstructive surgery. These patients participated in a survey to assess overall satisfaction and QoL, as well as contributing factors, such as changes in bladder and bowel function, vaginal bulge, and vaginal pain on a 7-point Likert scale (ranging from markedly worse to markedly improved). Data were examined using multivariate regression analysis. Positive treatment response was defined as scores of 6 or 7, whereas negative response was defined as scores of 1 to 5. Results The response rate was 41% (156/380), and the median age of the participants was 70 years [interquartile range (IQR): 63, 73]. Of note, 98.7% were Caucasian, with 73% currently in a significant relationship. The median duration since RSC was 2.12 years (IQR: 1.2, 3.7). Overall, 93 (66.9%), patients (23.0%), and 123 patients (88.5%) had a positive treatment response for bladder function, bowel function, and vaginal bulge, respectively. Furthermore, 66% of women had improved QoL, 84% reported improved overall satisfaction, and 91.4% stated that they would recommend RSC to a friend. After controlling for significant covariates, results of a multivariate analysis demonstrated positive treatment response for bladder function [odds ratio (OR): 14.6; p < 0.0001], bowel function (OR: 9.72; p = 0.003), and vaginal bulge (OR: 41.7; p < 0.0001), significantly associated with increased odds of having improved QoL, whereas positive treatment response for vaginal bulge (OR: 26.9; p = 0.023) and recommending RSC to a friend (OR: 175; p = 0.0009) were associated with positive overall satisfaction. Conclusions Our findings endorse using RSC surgery for patients with POP based on both QoL improvement and overall post-procedure satisfaction perspective. This study may help encourage surgeons and clinicians to employ a surgical modality that incorporates each patient's unique treatment desires and goals and provide patients with realistic post-procedure goals and expectations regarding treatment.