The treatment of painful neuroma remains challenging. Recently, a nerve-end capping technique using a bioabsorbable nerve conduit was newly introduced to treat amputation neuroma. A collagen-coated polyglycolic acid (PGA) conduit has been commercially available for the reconstruction of peripheral nerve defects, yielding successful clinical outcomes. However, no experimental research has been conducted using this PGA nerve conduit as capping device for treating amputation neuroma. The purpose of this study was to investigate nerve-end capping treatment with the PGA conduit in the rat sciatic nerve amputation model, focusing on histological scar formation and neuroinflammation.