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Papers of the Week

2022 Sep 16

Am J Case Rep


A Pituitary Abscess Caused by Morganella morganii: A Case Report.


Alelyani FM, Almutawif Y A, Ali H M, Aljohani R Z, Almutairi AZ, Murshid WR
Am J Case Rep. 2022 Sep 16; 23:e936743.
PMID: 36110038.


BACKGROUND Pituitary abscess (PA) is a rare pituitary lesion accounting for less than 1% of all pituitary diseases and is associated with high mortality rates. The non-specific clinical symptoms and radiological features preclude accurate diagnosis of the disease. Hence, surgical intervention is still considered the criterion standard method for PA diagnosis. Most PAs occur as a primary disease or due to complications such as surgery, sepsis, and adjacent inflamed lesions. CASE REPORT A 53-year-old man presented to the Emergency Department with a headache associated with nausea, vomiting, and constipation. The patient had no visual disturbances, polyuria, polydipsia, nocturia, or abnormal discharges. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a large suprasellar mass. The patient underwent left-side trans-nasal transsphenoidal microscopic surgery for mass removal. An abscess with discharge was noticed and sent for microbiological evaluation, revealing an infection with a commensal enteric bacterium that rarely causes nosocomial infection, known as Morganella morganii. The patient was discharged after completing the intravenous antibiotic course and was given oral antibiotics. CONCLUSIONS Pituitary abscess is a rare pituitary lesion. However, taking the history of recent meningitis, sinusitis, and/or surgery may help to reach an early diagnosis, prompt surgical intervention, and vital therapeutic steps to reduce mortality rates and improve patient's outcomes. PA should always be considered when patients demonstrate signs of pituitary dysfunction associated with signs of infection. Furthermore, antibiotics should be administered immediately once the PA case is confirmed and should last for at least 6 weeks postoperatively.