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Papers: 17 Sep 2022 - 23 Sep 2022

2022 Sep 14

Brain Behav Immun

Dorsal Root Ganglia CX3CR1 expressing monocytes/macrophages contribute to arthritis pain.


Oggero S, Cecconello C, Silva R, Zeboudj L, Sideris-Lampretsas G, Perretti M, Malcangio M
Brain Behav Immun. 2022 Sep 14.
PMID: 36115544.


Pain is a persistent symptom of Rheumatoid Arthritis, and the K/BxN serum transfer model recapitulates both association and dissociation between pain and joint inflammation in RA. Furthermore, this model features monocyte/macrophage infiltration in joints and lumbar dorsal root ganglia (DRG), where these immune cells are close to nociceptive neurons. We focussed on CXCR-monocyte/macrophage trafficking and show that at peak paw swelling associated with nociception, CXCR deletion altered neither swelling nor macrophage infiltration/phenotype in paws. However, acute nociception and DRG non-classical monocyte numbers were reduced in CXCR (KO) compared to CXCR (WT). Nociception that persisted despite swelling had resolved was attenuated in KO and correlated with DRG macrophages displaying M2-like phenotype. Still in the DRG, neurons up-regulated neuropeptide CGRP and olcegepant treatment reduced acute swelling, nociception, and leukocyte infiltration in paws and DRG. We delineate in-vitro a signalling pathway showing that CGRP liberates the CXCR ligand fractalkine (FKN) from endothelium, and in bone marrow-derived macrophages, FKN promotes activation of intracellular kinases, polarisation towards M1-like phenotype and release of pro-nociceptive IL-6. These data implicate non-classical CXCR-expressing monocyte and macrophage recruitment into the DRG in initiation and maintenance of arthritis pain.