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Papers of the Week

2022 Sep 17

Neuropsychol Rev

Visual Processing During the Interictal Period Between Migraines: A Meta-Analysis.


Sezai T, Murphy MJ, Riddell N, Nguyen V, Crewther SG
Neuropsychol Rev. 2022 Sep 17.
PMID: 36115887.


Migraine is a poorly understood neurological disorder and a leading cause of disability in young adults, particularly women. Migraines are characterized by recurring episodes of severe pulsating unilateral headache and usually visual symptoms. Currently there is some disagreement in the electrophysiological literature regarding the universality of all migraineurs exhibiting physiological visual impairments also during interictal periods (i.e., the symptom free period between migraines). Thus, this meta-analysis investigated the evidence for altered visual function as measured electrophysiologically via pattern-reversal visual evoked potential (VEP) amplitudes and habituation in adult migraineurs with or without visual aura and controls in the interictal period. Twenty-three studies were selected for random effects meta-analysis which demonstrated slightly diminished VEP amplitudes in the early fast conducting P100 component but not in N135, and substantially reduced habituation in the P100 and the N135 in migraineurs with and without visual aura symptoms compared to controls. No statistical differences were found between migraineurs with and without aura, possibly due to inadequate studies. Overall, insufficient published data and substantial heterogeneity between studies was observed for all latency components of pattern-reversal VEP, highlighting the need for further electrophysiological experimentation and more targeted temporal analysis of visual function, in episodic migraineurs.