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Papers of the Week

Papers: 10 Sep 2022 - 16 Sep 2022

Animal Studies

2022 Sep 09


Microglial responses and pain behaviors are exacerbated by chronic sleep deprivation in rats with chronic pain via neuroinflammatory pathways.


The inflammatoryresponse of centralnervoussystem (CNS) and microglial activation is important in the development of pain behaviors induced by sleep deprivation. We found that chronic sleep deprivation (CSD) aggravated pain behaviors in rats with chronic pain by upregulating expression of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), NOD-like receptor pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3), and interleukin 1β (IL-1β), which promoted microglial activation in the brain. We also found that CSD increased numbers of Iba1 and TLR4 cells, as well as neuronal apoptosis. Inhibitors of TLR4 and NLRP3 (TAK-242 and MCC950, respectively) reduced expression levels of inflammatory factor proteins and M1-related factor mRNA, decreased microglial activation, and relieved the hyperalgesia caused by CSD. These results suggest that CSD aggravated pain behavior in rats with chronic pain through the TLR4/NLRP3/IL-1β signaling pathway, which mediates microglial activation and promotes CNS inflammation and neuronal apoptosis.