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Papers of the Week

2022 Sep 08

Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi



[Clinicopathological features of angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma pattern Ⅰ].


Lu HD, Xie JL, Zhang LN, Zheng YY, Zhou XG
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi. 2022 Sep 08; 51(9):856-860.
PMID: 36097902.


To investigate the clinicopathological features of angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma pattern Ⅰ (AITL Pattern Ⅰ). The clinicopathological data of 11 AITL Pattern Ⅰ cases that were diagnosed at the Beijing Friendship Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University (10 cases) and Beijing Lu Daopei Hospital (1 cases) from January 2019 to October 2021 were retrospectively collected. Immunophenotype, Epstein-Barr virus infection status and T cell receptor (TCR) clonality of the tumor cells were tested, and clinicopathological features of cases were analyzed. Among the 11 AITL Pattern Ⅰ cases, the male to female ratio was 1.2∶1.0. The median age was 59 years (range 47-78 years). Seven cases had B symptoms, while eleven cases presented with systemic lymphadenopathy. According to Ann Arbor system staging, two cases were classified as stage Ⅰ-Ⅱ, and 9 cases as stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ. Hepatosplenomegaly was present in two cases (2/11), three cases (3/11) had skin rash and pruritus, and two cases (2/11) had pleural effusion. Previously, 6 cases (6/11) were diagnosed as reactive hyperplasia, 1 case (1/11) as EBV-associated lymphoproliferative disorder, and 4 cases (4/11) as hyperplasia of lymphoid tissue, which was unable to exclude lymphoma. Histologically, all the 11 cases showed hyperplastic follicles in the paracortical regions with well-formed germinal centers. The hyperplastic follicles showed ill-defined borders and attenuated mantle zones in 7 cases. Mantle zones completely disappeared in 4 cases. The follicles were surrounded by a thin layer of atypical lymphocytes with bright or faintly stained cytoplasm. In 2 cases, the clear cells were located between the germinal centers and the thin residual mantle cell layers, showing a circular growth pattern. The cells were medium in size, with irregular karyotype, coarse chromatin and indistinct nucleoli. Immunohistochemically, CD21 staining showed that the meshworks of follicular dendritic cells(FDC)were mainly confined to the follicles. There was a subtle expansion of the meshworks of FDC in 4 cases with ill-defined borders. The atypical cells surrounding the follicles expressed CD3 (11/11), CD4 (11/11), PD-1 (11/11), CXCL13 (6/11), ICOS (10/11) and CD10 (7/11). PD-1 staining showed a strong perifollicular pattern, and a small number of positive cells were scattered around the high endothelial veins in the interfollicular region. CXCL13, ICOS and CD10 showed similar distribution patterns. EBV-encoded small RNA probe (EBER) in situ hybridization showed that EBER positive B lymphocytes were scattered in the interfollicular region (5-20/HPF) in all cases. T cell receptor gene rearrangement was monoclonal in all cases. Diagnosing AITL Pattern Ⅰ may be challenging and requires comprehensive analysis of clinical manifestations, histological morphology, immunophenotype and gene rearrangement results.