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Papers of the Week

Papers: 10 Sep 2022 - 16 Sep 2022


2022 Sep 13

Pain Manag

Use and efficacy of virtual, augmented, or mixed reality technology for chronic pain: a systematic review.


Matthie NS, Giordano NA, Jenerette CM, Magwood GS, Leslie SL, Northey EE, Webster CI, Sil S
Pain Manag. 2022 Sep 13.
PMID: 36098065.


Characterize use and efficacy/effectiveness of virtual, augmented, or mixed reality (VR/AR/MR) technology as non-pharmacological therapy for chronic pain. Systematic search of 12 databases to identify empirical studies, of individuals who experience chronic pain or illness involving chronic pain, published between 1990 and 2021. JBI Critical Appraisal Checklists assessed study bias and a narrative synthesis was provided. 46 studies, investigating a total of 1456 participants and including 19 randomized controlled trials (RCT), were reviewed. VR/AR/MR was associated with improved pain-related outcomes in 78% of the RCTs. While most studies showed effects immediately or up to one month post treatment, RCTs are needed to further evaluate VR/AR/MR, establish long-term benefits, and assess accessibility, especially among individuals who experience pain management disparities.